Research Project: High-Tech-Milestones for Rescue Measures
More efficient help thanks to innovative technology: The research project I-LOV has developed new high-tech-solutions which make the rescue of people from debris after an earthquake or a gas explosion even quicker and safer. At THW’s National Training Centre in Hoya, Lower-Saxony, from 5 until 10 June, THW volunteers tested first equipment as to its functionality. On 7 June, the researchers presented the test equipment to the public.
I-LOV stands for “Intelligent securing localisation system for the rescue and salvage of trapped people”. A national research team from universities, industry, authorities and organisations, which are in charge of security tasks, works together on new ways to complement and optimise the previous rescue possibilities by using high-tech. THW actively participates in research work by contributing the development of scenarios, demand analysis and application tests. Together with the developers, from 5 until 10 June, THW staff tested at a workshop the following equipment:
- Reconnaissance robots
- Mobile phone search
- Search sensor
- System for the monitoring of the stability of buildings/construction components
- Information system for the concentration of all situation information for the head of operation
Tests with these new developments take place on an area at THW’s National Training Centre Hoya which was especially built for I-LOV. The area realistically simulates the conditions of collapsed buildings. The evaluation wants to examine the efficiency and handling of the equipment during an operation to optimise it, if needed. In the following weeks and months, the reports of the THW-volunteers will be evaluated. Against the background of the results from the workshop, the test equipment will be further optimised.
Background of the research project I-LOV:
The aim of the overall project is the quicker rescue of trapped people, above all by accelerating the search. Besides the search technology, the focus was on the development of a mobile information system for the head of operation which allows the consolidation of the most diverse data gained from an incident. The system gains its data from the evaluations of the newly developed and traditional search technologies and methods. These data are complemented by legal and socio-scientific analyses as well as empirical values. Thus, the head of operation gets a good overview of the incident and is therefore in a position to make thorough decisions about the targeted search and the safety of the volunteers.
To ensure that the system is available on each operational scene, a special control vehicle was built to host the central system-server.
To test the new developments under as real conditions as possible, THW built a test area at the THW National Training Centre in Hoya. The area was financed from research means for the research association. Collapsed buildings were realistically rebuilt with differently arranged debris. Underground access enabled a particularly realistic search situation for operational exercises, because impersonators of injured people could get to the debris without being seen. Even rescue dogs could not detect any traces which lead from outside to the debris.
The territory is the result of a previous enquiry about mission experiences and the scenario development of THW and the University of Karlsruhe, which also served as a basis for the requirements concerning the I-LOV-technologies.
The research partners:
I-LOV is promoted by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research in the framework of the security research programme. The project is conducted together with national partners from different universities, industrial enterprises as well as authorities and organisations which are in charge of security tasks. Furthermore, partners of the Israeli civil protection contribute their experiences to the research work. The research project is coordinated by the chair for Electrical Measurement and Test Methods of the Institute for Micro System Technology at the University of Freiburg.
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